The latest addition to the Pacemaker 1.1 series is a master control process (MCP) and associated init script.

This means that Pacemaker is now started/stopped independently of the messaging layer. We anticipate that this should result in a simpler and more reliable startup/shutdown procedure when used in combination with Corosync.

Forking inside a multi-threaded process like Corosync causes all sorts of pain. This has been problematic for Pacemaker as it needs a number of daemons to be spawned.

Likewise, Corosync was never designed for staggered shutdown - something previously needed in order to prevent the cluster from leaving before Pacemaker could stop all active resources.

By moving this functionality into the MCP, the whole system should become more reliable

It should be noted that when using the MCP, Corosync will refuse to shutdown if Pacemaker is still running. Pacemaker will also naturally fail to start if Corosync isn’t active yet.

So, starting with 1.1.3, the following Corosync-based options are possible:

  1. corosync + pacemaker plugin (v0)
  2. corosync + pacemaker plugin (v1) + mcp
  3. corosync + cpg + cman + mcp
  4. corosync + cpg + quorumd + mcp

Option ‘1’ corresponds to what people have been using since openais/corosync started being supported. If Pacemaker starts being supported in RHEL6, its probably going to look like option ‘3’. Option ‘4’ is what we’re all working towards.

Anyone having startup or shutdown problems (with Pacemaker 1.1 or 1.0) should immediately move to clusters based on option ‘2’ or ‘3’.

Both involve the new master control process and therefor benefit from the more reliable startup/shutdown design.

Additionally, ‘3’ uses CPG for messaging (whereas ‘2’ still uses the plugin which makes it compatible with option nodes running ‘1’).

Unfortunately option ‘4’ isn’t fully baked yet, there’s still a few kinks in the pacemaker/quorumd interaction to be worked out. This will happen in the coming months, however any assistance in this process would be highly appreciated.

To use option ‘2’, simply change: ver: 0 to ver: 1 in the pacemaker service block of corosync.conf.

To use option ‘3’, you can either: * use cluster.conf and service cman start or, * add the cman bits to corosync.conf.

Using cluster.conf is the preferred approach. Its far easier to maintain and start automatically starts the necessary pieces for using GFS2.

Alternative 1 - Sample cluster.conf for a two-node cluster

<?xml version="1.0"?>
<cluster config_version="1" name="beekhof">
    <fence_daemon clean_start="0" post_fail_delay="0" post_join_delay="3"/>
            <clusternode name="pcmk-1" nodeid="1" votes="1">
            <clusternode name="pcmk-2" nodeid="2" votes="1">

Alternative 2 - Sample corosync.conf additions for a two node CMAN cluster

Be sure to set nodename appropriately for each host.

cluster {
    name: beekhof

    clusternodes {
            clusternode {
                    votes: 1
                    nodeid: 1
                    name: pcmk-1
            clusternode {
                    votes: 1
                    nodeid: 2
                    name: pcmk-2
    cman {
            expected_votes: 2
            cluster_id: 123
            nodename: pcmk-1
            two_node: 1
            max_queued: 10

service {
    name: corosync_cman
    ver: 0

quorum {
    provider: quorum_cman